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The Power Duo: Requirement Engineers and Business Analysts in Agile Software Development

ISQI Group
Posted by ISQI Group on Jun 21, 2023 9:13:52 AM

Discover the indispensable roles of Requirement Engineers (REs) and Business Analysts (BAs) in the ever-evolving world of agile software development. Learn how their expertise contributes to improved agility, performance, and successful outcomes in complex business contexts, debunking the myth that these roles are becoming obsolete.


In the realm of software development, agile methodologies have gained prominence with their emphasis on direct conversations between developers and users. However, as the technical architecture and business context evolve, the indispensable roles of Requirement Engineers (REs) and Business Analysts (BAs) become pivotal for effective requirement engineering. 
Despite misconceptions that these roles might become obsolete, research and industry experience indicate that including Requirement Engineers /Business Analysts practitioners, especially in leading software development positions, contributes to improved agility and performance within software development organizations. It is essential for professionals in agile software development environments to recognize the value of requirement engineering and its interconnectedness with other aspects of software development to ensure successful outcomes in complex and ever-changing business contexts.


Requirement Engineering Maintains Relevance

In the rapidly shifting landscape of software development, there is ongoing speculation about whether the roles of Requirement Engineers and Business Analysts will become extinct within agile methodologies. Some people who support agile approaches believe that direct conversations between developers and users make the roles of dedicated Requirement Engineers and Business Analysts redundant. This viewpoint raises concerns among professionals in these fields. However, this viewpoint is shortsighted. In order to create top-notch software products, it is important to effectively capture, communicate, and manage requirements from various aspects. These encompass customer preferences, cost considerations, quality goals, regulatory requirements, production constraints, and even service needs.

Requirement engineering serves as the foundation of the software product development process. It brings distinct value to the product development process. Engineers have visibility into the requirements as they are being created, along with all their associated attributes. Furthermore, requirements are systematically linked to product information, allowing for consistent traceability and effective management of changes. The ability to reuse requirements within projects and across multiple projects further enhances efficiency. Moreover, requirements engineering empowers you to take a concrete and value-added stride toward implementing a comprehensive systems engineering approach.



The Future of REs and BAs in Agile Methodologies (1)

Recognizing Complexity

During the initial stages of product development, agile teams often thrive without extensive emphasis on requirements engineering and planning. The focus is on adaptability and minimal preparation, primarily driven by the relative simplicity of the technical and functional aspects of the product. As the product develops, complexity enters the picture. Complex software development processes demand more competencies than a small agile team can provide. Dependencies arise, necessitating preparation, planning, and alignment among teams. Established software development businesses and organizations that had REs/BAs even before transitioning to agile methodologies tend to retain them, recognizing the value they bring.

The Added Value of Requirements Engineering and Business Analysis

Extensive research on organizational agility indicates that including  Requirement Engineers / Business Analysts practitioners, particularly in leading roles, benefits agile organizations. Research conducted by the International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA),  highlights the correlation between nimble practices and Business Analysis capability. Nimble practices refer to an organization's ability to navigate unpredictable business environments and operationalize innovation swiftly and precisely. 

The study found that organizations excelling in nimble practices, including visualizing opportunities for improvement and driving value, exhibited high Business Analysis capabilities. On the other hand, organizations that struggled with nimble practices had significantly lower Business Analysis capabilities. This evidence clearly demonstrates that businesses are more likely to excel in all measured nimble capabilities when Business Analysts assume leading roles.



The Future of REs and BAs in Agile Methodologies (2)


Unlocking Value- How Requirement Engineers and Business Analysts Drive Success in Software Engineering

While concerns about the future of Requirement engineers and Business Analysts in agile development are valid, the importance of requirement engineering remains strong. Many companies may initially operate without these roles, but the growing complexity requires the expertise of Requirement engineers and Business Analysts for achieving agility and overall performance.

It is evident that requirement engineering continues to play a crucial role in software development, contributing to the success of agile organizations in navigating unpredictable business environments.


One clear conclusion can be drawn: requirements engineering is the most vital phase of the software development process. It holds immense importance as it ensures the success of a project by specifying the necessary requirements for every team member to follow.

Furthermore, this process encourages and requires client involvement right from the start. This eliminates the need for guesswork regarding the client's initial vision and minimizes the occurrence of miscommunication, misunderstandings, and misinterpretations. By combining the value of an agile approach to software development with the inclusion of requirements engineering, software projects can be efficiently managed, and completed on time and within budget, while meeting all the expectations of the stakeholders.


Topics: Requirements Engineering, software development, IREB CPRE Foundation Level, business Analysis, A4Q CABA, Digital design Profession

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